Karakteristik Perusahaan, ISO 14001, dan Pengungkapan Lingkungan: Studi Komparatif di Indonesia dan Thailand

Septalia Rahmawati, Christiyaningsih Budiwati

Abstract


Abstract This study aims to examine the difference of environmental disclosures between the Indonesian and Thailand mining companies, also to examine the effects of the characteristics of the companies and ISO 14001 towards environmental disclosures. This study uses firm size, firm age and profitability for the companies’ characteristics. The companies’ environmental disclosures were measured with the newest GRI G4 index. This study also uses the mining companies’ annual reports in 2014-2016 that are listed in the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) and the Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) as the secondary data population. Furthermore, the number of samples in this research are 117 samples from 22 mining companies in Indonesia and 17 mining companies in Thailand that were generated by using purposive sampling method. The first objective has been examined by using Independent Samples T Test and it obtained a result that there are differences of environmental disclosure between Indonesia and Thailand mining companies. Meanwhile, the second and third objectives of this research were examined by using multiple regression analysis. The result shows that there are significant positive effects given by the firm size, the firm age and ISO 14001. Moreover, the profitability gives no significant positive effect towards environmental disclosures.

Keywords: Company Characteristic, ISO 14001, Environmental Disclosure, GRI G4

Abstrak Studi ini bertujuan untuk meneliti perbedaan pengungkapan lingkungan perusahaan pertambangan di negara Indonesia dan Thailand, serta meneliti karakteristik perusahaan dan ISO 14001 pengaruhnya terhadap pengungkapan lingkungan. Studi ini menggunakan ukuran perusahaan, umur perusahaan, dan profitabilitas untuk karakteristik perusahaan. Pengungkapan lingkungan perusahaan diukur dengan indeks GRI G4 terbaru. Studi ini menggunakan populasi data sekunder dari laporan keuangan perusahaan-perusahaan pertambangan yang terdaftar pada Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI) dan Bursa Efek Thailand (SET) tahun 2014-2016. Studi ini menggunakan sampel penelitian purposive sampling yaitu sebanyak 117 sampel dari 22 perusahaan pertambangan di Indonesia dan 17 perusahaan pertambangan di Thailand. Uji beda digunakan untuk tujuan penelitian pertama dan hasilnya terdapat perbedaan pengungkapan lingkungan di Indonesia dan Thailand. Uji regresi linier berganda digunakan untuk tujuan penelitian kedua dan ketiga. Hasil menunjukkan adanya pengaruh positif signifikan yaitu ukuran perusahaan, umur perusahaan, dan ISO 14001 terhadap pengungkapan lingkungan serta tidak adanya pengaruh antara profitabilitas terhadap pengungkapan lingkungan perusahaan.

Kata kunci: Karakteristik Perusahaan, ISO 14001, Pengungkapan Lingkungan, GRI G4

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20961/jab.v18i1.268

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